ECM failures -- Fact or fiction:
. Electronic Control Modules ECMs are designed with great precision. One problem has been revealed over the years: some of the components that were used have shown a tendency to fail, especially by heat. The heat from the normal operation of the current in the unit and the heat from the environment the ECM unit is stored in. Some models are stored in the cab which can reach temperatures of up to 140f. Some models are stored in the engine compartment which is the worse possible environment for a computer processor. The engine compartment is exposed to the elements of the environment outside and the engines operating environment. Normal operations can adversely affect the ECM unit over time as well. Components such as the ECS, the ISC, TPS, engine sensor, alternator or failing batteries can adversely affect the unit. Reversing polarity when jump starting vehicle can damage the ECM.
The fact is ECMs and TCUs utilize certain components that after a certain number of hours or mileage, begin a systematic breakdown. Some units are repairable unless there is damage to a part that is not made available to us. Presently, their are specific components that are damaged occasionally that we can not purchase. We are the first company to specialize in this field and we have the best technicians in the business. In these cases, we will likely recommend to replace the ECM
The supply of ECMs new and used has been greatly reduced due to the growing competitiveness of this industry. Keep in mind most of these quote-unquote "Rebuilders" are more than likely people that have seen the trend in ECM failures and are trying to capitalize. I'm all for free enterprise -- after all, this is America and may God Bless her (and all of us for that matter) but don't let yourself be fooled by the new kids on the block. Nor should you be mislead by the low prices of some of these folks. If it sounds to good to be true and too cheap to be quality, it probably is. You know you can't wager your safety or that of your family or customers to the opportunity of a "great deal". Check references! A lot of these guys offering warranty's and advertising themselves as rebuilders have not been in business long enough to match the warranty they are offering!
Also be aware of the used units often sold in salvage yards. Although the automobile salvage and recycling industry is vital to my company and the world even, make sure you understand the difference between a "USED" unit and a "REBUILT" unit or even a "REPAIRED" unit. All these are different classifications. It is VERY IMPORTANT to remember any used product will have the same manufactured components that are often the problem with the ECMs failure. So before you buy a used unit with little or no warranty just to "save a few bucks", factor in the failure probability.
We always recommend to have your car or truck diagnosed by a certified professional. We do not sell ECMs to diagnose a problem with your car. Also we do require all existing problems that may have damaged the ECM to be corrected including but not limited to a complete electrical system check. Our knowledgeable staff will help you determine what service you may require, a testing or ECM diagnosis, a factory reman unit from our exchange program or a repair or OEM programming service.
Many OBD-II computers in cars are now equipped with the greatest technology available. At the factory, they must be flashed or programmed to fit the specific requirements of the make and model and application. We must have your complete part number and VIN to properly program and calibrate the ECM/PCM. You can no longer acquire a used unit and install it into the vehicle, nor can you just repair them. Once they are removed, they loose their programming in most cases and MUST be reprogrammed to the application as specified by the VIN (vehicle identification) number. OBD-II computers' attributes specific to these models is often the way they are manufactured (jell filled-designed to keep moisture and heat from adversely affecting the unit) and the way they are mounted (inside engine compartment often to the engine). This design was intended to better fit the technology. The problem is they are exposed to the elements the engine is exposed to and are still damaged from movement and from internal heat. The other 800 lb Gorilla is the security VTSS, VATS, PATS etc. Many models are available with complete programming and Plug and Play, however for many new models, the programming must be done on-board. In these cases, it is incumbent upon you and your service team to determine if that will be required. Key relearn is often required for the completion of the programming and security systems. We always insist you check with your dealer to see which services if any are required for you model. When we have the information we will consult with you in advance to better prepare you. The bottom line is, we will provide you with a product for often less than half to 1/3 the dealer list price. Any labor or any other necessary services must be provided by you or your serves team.
HOW DO YOU KNOW IF YOU NEED AN ECM?
Many people are surprised to find out they have a computer in their car! Many newer models may have more than seven independent and cooperative computer controller devices aiding in the performance, comfort and environmental factors. They are even more astounded when they find out that the cost is anywhere from $650 to $2000 for a new unit from the dealership! To understand the ECM we can help by a short history of the ECM and implementation of computer controlled electronic systems. The Federal Government implemented the use of computer controlled ignition and fuel systems for 3 main reasons:
Often when your computer is failing there is misdiagnosis and people will spend hundreds I've even seen customers who have unfortunately paid over a $1000 on their car on repairs and part replacement before he finally got to us and he found out he needed only an ECM to solve his problem. I have seen people go without their vehicles for months because the mechanic could not find out he had a computer failure. On the other hand their have been countless others who have paid this amount and more on new computer ECU(s) and the problem does not go away! The key is proper diagnosis! My father always said measure twice cut once. So we are firm believers in getting a second opinion or third if necessary to collaborate repair diagnosis that can be financially crippling.
Most common misdiagnosed parts are battery, distributor, ISC motor, TPS switch, injectors & intake cam sensor, and other sensors or bus system including but not limited to the harnesses. If the technician does not figure it is the ECM they may sell you parts you may not need.
When diagnosing an efi or electronic fuel injection system vehicle, here are the "inside" industry approach procedures to engine computer, or otherwise diagnosing a malfunctioning vehicle. These systems all require the same basic elements, and by checking all individually, you may be able to rule out and systematically diagnose your problem and save hundreds of dollars.
First assess your symptoms.
Is your car starting and running, but stalls or seems to not idle right.
Your car Is not starting? As we started earlier, all efi engines need the basic elements to run:
Knowing this you can then systematically check these separately.....
put a node light or meter on injector #1 to see that the ECM is sending injector pulse. If not pull ECM and look and smell for burns.
check for spark at plugs, check the following if applies to your vehicle: distributor (coil, igniter, crank angle sensor, cam sensor), relay, ecu
Engine Ignition and fuel management system components:
We will now list components of your vehicle ignition and fuel management system which directly or indirectly affect your computer's processing ability. If the component is faulty it can hinder performance and lead to misdiagnosis of bad computer unit by giving bad vital info to the ECU computer unit. Some of these components can possibly damage the computer unit.
Conversely, when your computer unit is damaged, it cannot process the info to affectively manage the vehicle's system for optimum performance. This can actually adversely affect performance and lead to harder diagnosis and more opportunities for misdiagnosis.
crankshaft or camshaft position sensor
Monitors engine rotation and tells the computer exactly when to trigger the fuel injectors or the ignition spark.
mass air flow sensor/MAF
Measures the amount of air drawn through the engine's air intake, so the computer can compensate for altitude and temperature.
oxygen sensor/EGO sensor
Measures the percentage of oxygen in the exhaust, and tells the computer whether the fuel/air mixture is too lean or too rich.
MAP sensor/BAP sensor
Reads changes in barometric (air) pressure. The ECM uses this information to adjust timing advance and air/fuel ratio.
Converts the car battery's 12 volts to the thousands of volts needed to fire the spark plugs.
idle speed control motor actuator ISC
Adjusts idle speed as dictated by the ECM, to prevent idle fluctuations and keep emissions low.
EGR valve position sensor
Detects the opening of the EGR
valve, so the ECM can make adjustments to
throttle position sensor TPS
Monitors the position of the
accelerator control and the throttle linkage. The ECM monitors this info
to make accurate air/fuel mixture adjustments.
coolant temperature sensor CTS
Measures the temperature of the coolant in the cooling system, so the ECM can make adjustments based on the engine's operating temperature. Also can control the dashboard warning light.
Controls the voltage supplied to the car's electrical system, preventing overcharge, undercharge and damage to electrical computers.
Injects fuel into the intake manifold. The ECM tells the injector exactly when to inject, and how much to inject, to produce the needed amount of power based on all the sensor info read by the computer unit.
electronic control module/unit ECM/ECU/PCM
Controls ignition system's spark and timing, fuel system's fuel delivery and emission controls. Continuously receives signals from sensors and input devices on or near the engine; sends control signals to valves, controllers and other output devices. Stores "trouble codes" and warns driver when service is needed via check engine light or malfunction indicator light (MIL).
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